Terrestrial Fauna Monitoring

As part of the EIA, vegetative cover and terrestrial fauna are assessed. Terrestrial fauna include all species of animals with the exception of fish, which are referred to as aquatic fauna. Surveys of terrestrial flora and fauna are conducted to assess the extent of potential impacts of a development on the environment and monitor effects of disturbances or rehabilitation success.  Standard field survey methodologies such as transect walks, habitat searching, trapping, etc., are employed to determine richness, relative abundance, diversity, endemnicity, rare or endangered status, and other ecological parameters. Literature and databases are also reviewed to assess the environmental values of the terrestrial floral and faunal community.